Rohtak district lies in the south east of Haryana State. It is bound by Jind and Sonipat districts on the north, Jhajjar district on the south, Jhajjar and Sonipat district on the east and Hisar and Bhiwani districts on the west side. The district is having an area of 1668.47 square Kms. Population of the district as per 2001 census is 1058683. The density of population is 466 per sq. Kilometer. There are 146 villages and 151 Panchayats on the district. The rural population is 531263 and urban population is 245703. The social situation of the project area is one characterized by caste divide, dominated by landed Jats and high castes, with the landless dalits.
Since centuries dalits have been subjected to exploitation by the dominant castes. The dalits are known under various caste names in Haryana like Balmikies, Chamars, Dhanaks etc. They live on the outskirts of the village and work in the lands of the dominant caste landlords who own much of the village land. The dalits are landless, illiterate and poor. Most of them are daily wage labourers. They are dependent on the landlords for their daily bread. The average family size is six. The literacy rate is very low. The girl children are mostly confined to their household chores and not encouraged to study.
Women in the rural communities are still marginalized. They do all the house hold work as well as daily wage labour. However, they do not have any say in the decision making process both in the family as well as in their own community. Majority of them are illiterate, confined to household chores, child bearing and daily wage labour. The health situation especially with regard to reproductive health care is far from satisfactory. The women frequent the village which have become entrenched in the social belief system. Another major issue that has resulted from ignorance is that many children are born handicapped; especially there are a large number of mentally/physically challenged children in the villages. Most of the families do not know what to do with such children and they end up as perpetual burden to families.
Chetanalaya which has been working in Rohtak since 1994 through various relief and rehabilitation interventions started a systematic development process in about 54 villages in the year 2003 and now expanded the intervention through conducting training programmes and awareness programmes and have outreached to enormous number of 300 villages/pockets by 2012. Today in almost all these villages there are enlightened and empowered community organizations which came as by-product of our interventions, to claim the rightful place of neglected people in the mainstream of the Society. Chetanalaya is implementing in 40 VDP scheme related interventions constituting gender mainstreaming, micro finance, sustainable agriculture, rehabilitation of disabled and natural resource management, and various other programmes for comprehensive development of rural communities.